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If you suffer from Scoliosis then you may want to know the causes, symptoms and most importantly the treatments available.
Types of Scoliosis
There are three main types of spinal curvature disorder.
Lordosis: It is called swayback. In this disorder, the spine will be significantly inward curved, especially in the lower back region.
Kyphosis: Is the disorder where the spine will be abnormally rounded in the upper back area. Kyphosis occurs when the spinal curvature is more than 50 degrees.
Scoliosis: This is the best known form of spinal curvature. It occurs when the spine is curved sideways. This curve can be C- shaped or S- shaped.
Causes of spinal curvature
Curvature of the spine can become abnormal due to a lot of reasons. Here are some of the most prominent health reasons that cause spinal curvature:
Diseases: Diseases and health problems such as spondyliolisthesis (when the vertebrae slips forward), osteoporosis (weakness of the bone), discitis (inflammation of the discs between the spinal bones), arthritis, etc.
Spinal problems: Spinal problems such as infections, tumors, severe injury, spina bifida (a birth defect where the spinal cord does not completely close when it is developing in the fetus, within the womb), etc. can also cause a lot of spinal curvature problems. General poor development of the spinal cord in utero is also a large cause of spinal curvature.
Obesity: Being overweight, or obese, can also cause curvature of the spine. But this only occurs in extreme cases.
Poor posture: Poor posture such as permanent slouching or hunching can cause spinal curvature as well.
Heredity: Spinal curvature problems are known to run in families as well, so heredity might also be a leading cause of spinal curvature.
- Swayback, where the buttocks are really pronounced. If you are lying down on your back and there is a large gap between your lower back and the floor, you probably have abnormal curvature of the spine.
- Back pain, discomfort, problems when moving.
- If you have kyphosis your head would be bent forward, when compared to the rest of your body. There will be a prominent hump in the upper back.
- Uneven shoulder blades, waist, hips, etc. can be the symptoms of scoliosis.
Treatment can occur in the form of surgery or bracing. Surgeries such as artificial disc replacement, spinal instrumentation, kyphoplasty, etc. can help correct the abnormal spinal curvature.